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Endon House

            

Endon House above (Photo`s taken 2018) has the distinction of having it`s own private road and this road is used regularly by the public.

It`s gate was closed one day a year on New Years day thus demonstrating to the ordinary villagers that it was not public right of way. But that does not happen nowadays.            

Endon House was built in 1837 by William Clayton who also built Victoria Bridge on Windmill Lane to go over the Rally Road around the same time. Clayton had built and lived in Endon Hall since 1820. However, Endon House as we know it today is not on the 1875 map,(see map above) Endon Hall was actually then called Endon House. It has been said that the Clayton family came from Endon in Staffordshire hence the name given to the estate. It is however, documented that William Clayton was a member of an old Macclesfield family from `Titherington`,and was a cotton manufacture. In 1791 he leased a colliery from Thomas Ward and Thomas Wardle of Upper and Lower Swanscoe . Clayton then bought the Endon estate in 1833 and began to develop the lands and properties. Clayton`s success at the colliery saw him converted from a cotton manufacturer of `Titherington` on his lease  of 1791, to a coal proprietor of Adlington when he signed the Endon deeds on 4 march 1833.

He built cottages such as Endon Cottage ( Ivy Cottage) as well as Endon Hall ,Endon House and Endon Lodge and also bought Charles Roe`s Windmill on Macclesfield common used for grinding Calamine ore for the companies brassworks. This was re-erected close to the quarries – Kerridge Windmill. Nobody really quite knew why he bought the windmill. By 1841 William was forced to take out a loan and this made him realise he was getting on in years and decided to make financial arrangements in case of his death.

He died on 23 july 1850 followed by his wife and then his only male heir by 1873. The estate passed to his great nephew Thomas Rylance Gibson a barrister of London. Gibson amounted debts and by 1875 the estate was sold to Peter Pownall Brocklehurst of Hurdsfield. Later sold to Livesay and Sheldon from Kent. and then Whettons the quarry owners.

The stables at Endon House (left) in the early 1900s. Originally the building described as being on Garret Brow, a continuation of Higher Lane, was a Smithy owned by the Davenports. The local horses were shod here and it was generally known as a `gossip shop`. Mr Dan Massey a local Wheelwright and joiner had a workshop adjoining the stables at around the time of Sir Henry Files MP occupation of Endon House so we know that to be 1911. After WW1 Kerridge became an establishment of a centre for horse breaking to carriage. This was at the stables next to Endon House and described as at the bottom of Victoria Bridge steps. Possibly in the building now called Quarry Bank Mill.The stables were rented by Mr Edward Carlisle of the military service artillery and a born horseman. He was assisted in the horse breaking by Mr H Fox. The road `through Underwood to Swanscoe` was used initially which I take to mean the right fork past the stables, now a public footpath to Swanscoe. Once the horse was ready to pull a carriage this was done on Windmill Brow which is the road going straight up from Endon House to Windmill Lane, as seen on the left of the stables in this photo above/left.

The above photo was once known as Underwood. It goes from Endon House to Swanscoe.

Following WW2 the stables (not the Quarry Bank side) were altered by taking away the upper floor, and the clock was moved to the house.The upper floor was once believed to have been a workshop where coffins were made.

A second clock was located on the northern end the house. The winding mechanism for this had been removed and only faded black Roman numerals were discernible on the stone clock face. An electrically operated clock with a blue face was erected here in the 1980s. It is not immediately obvious why two clocks were needed back in the day when the quarries were in their heyday. A possible explanation is that they were both facing towards Higher Lane where most of the hundred or so quarry workers had to pass in order to get to the quarry, so with two clocks, arriving on time could hardly be in dispute. Accurate time keeping only became available nationwide with the introduction of wireless sets in the 1920s. It is thought that Endon House was built for the Quarry Manager and strategically located at a pivotal entry point to the quarry from Higher Lane – via the long staircase up the incline through Victoria Bridge.

Installing the present electric clock.
Pictures from early 20thC

    

                        

 

 

Painting above of Endon House done in 1983 by William Geldart of Henbury.

A tale …

Enid Simpsons book A Kerridge Childhood written in the 1920s mentions an Endon House resident dog `Jummy` in an amusing tale A Kerridge Childhood.

Census records

1819: William Acton Okell Whitelegg and sister Mary Ann, late of Heaton Norris then of Manchester, owned the Endon Estate.

1826: John Vaughan owned the estate, he was also from Heaton Norris.

1833: Vaughan sold Endon Estate to William Clayton for £8,400 which included an estate called Oak on the north west route along which the Macclesfield canal was being constructed.

1861: William Young aged fifty one from Scotland lived here, he was a merchant for cotton goods. He lived with his Scottish born wife Marion aged forty nine and their Manchester born children aged between 8 and 13 years. They also had four servants, a cook from Bradford, two housemaids from Gawsworth and Ireland and finally a nurse also from Ireland.

1871: Endon House is listed as on Oak Fold which we think is the Rally Road as we know it today. Elizabeth Dickens aged thirty eight from Adlington, Cheshire, lived with her four children aged between 8 years and 8 months. She is listed as married, not widowed but her husband is not at home that day.

1881: Sarah Millward aged fifty five is a servant cook and was living here with Elizabeth presumably her daughter aged twenty five. Sarah is listed as married but no husband mentioned. We can only presume that the head of the house was away on business at the time of the census.

1896: Thomas Arthur Collier was living at Endon House according to Kelly`s Directory.

1901: Endon House was still occupied by Thomas Arthur Collier a retired drapery wholesale merchant aged forty one from Manchester. He lived with his wife Amy who was from Lincolnshire and their three servants.

1911: Sir Henry Fildes MP bought Endon House from William Whetton. Sir Henry Fildes was once visited at Endon House by the Prime Minister Lloyd George in 1922.

Also in 1911 Joseph Whetton a quarry owner bought Endon `Estate` from Alfred Livesey and Thomas Sheldon (Medical Superintendent of Macclesfield Asylum) from Tunbridge Wells.

1914 and 1923: William Charles Jones was living in Endon House.

1915:  Alex Buchanan Thomson lived there.

1939: Vincent Keeney lived at the lodge, he was a butler valet thirty five years of age. He lived with his wife May aged thirty six years and their son Robert 9 years.

1953: The Bunting family bought Endon House after Sir Henry and his wife died.

1968: The Robertson`s occupied Endon House.

1979: Les Wilcox owned Endon House at this time, he was a local man and had three generations living with him hence an extension or three.

The current owners of Endon House have lived there for twenty six years [to 2019].

Endon House, 1985
Endon House, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Below are two catalogues of sales in 1910 and 1919 of Endon House, Field Cottage and Rose Cottage along with plots of land around them. Sorry they are just photographs for the moment, too big for my scanner. As they are not very clear yet if you want better close ups please contact me and I will zoom in on the sections you want.

Once I have access to an A3 scanner I will get them up to standard.

Catalogue A 1910

Catalogue B 1919

 


Acknowledgements

Our thanks go to Linda Stewart who has found old photos,researched census information and visited the current owner of Endon House to present an interesting history of the house’s residents etc.

And thank you especially to the current owners of Endon House for welcoming Linda into their house and sharing so much information which made a lot of this possible.